The Fifth International Conference on Law Enforcement and Public Health (LEPH2019)
Date: 21 to 23 October 2019
Location: Edinburgh, Scotland
Download: Conference Handbook & Program

Monday 21 October

8:30-9:55am PLENARY SESSION P1

Pentland Auditorium

Dimensions of the Law Enforcement and Public Health Relationship


Malcolm Graham, Deputy Chief Constable, Police Scotland

David Crichton, Chair of NHS Health Scotland & the Scottish Police Authority


  • Iain Livingstone, Chief Constable, Police Scotland
    Welcome remarks
  • Jane Townsley, Executive Director, International Association of Women Police
    Gender responsive policing is essential for building confidence across all communities
  • Matt Jukes, Chief Constable, South Wales Police
    Early Action Together: ACE – informed partnership in Wales
  • Larry Krasner, City of Philadelphia’s 26th District Attorney, USA
    Prosecution = Prevention

Professor Andrea Nolan, Principal and Vice-Chancellor, Edinburgh Napier University

10:05-10:30am MORNING TEA
10.30-11.55am MAJOR SESSIONS
M1 M2 M3 M4
The Scottish Centre for Law Enforcement and Public Health: how we got here and where we are going. Public health approaches in policing Police mental health and well-being

Note: This double session finishes at 1.00

Checkpoint: an innovative programme to navigate people away from the cycle of reoffending, and improve their well-being and life chances, particularly around the use of alcohol and drugs
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Pentland Auditorium
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
CONVENER: Inga Heyman,
Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
CONVENER and CHAIR: Stan Gilmour,
Thames Valley Police, England
Katy Kamkar,

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Canada
Richard Southby, George Washington University, USA
CONVENER: Gillian Routledge,
Head of Tasking and Coordination, Durham Constabulary, England

  1. Nadine Dougall,
    Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
    Setting the scene, vision and purpose of the Scottish Centre for Law Enforcement and Public Health
  2. Chris White,
    Mental Health Foundation, Scotland
    Citizen participation in LEPH research, policy development and education
  3. Jennifer Murray & Ini Enang,
    Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
    Co-creation and the five key LEPH research areas in Scotland
  4. Andrew Wooff & Inga Heyman,
    Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
    Collaborative LEPH research and education: the joys and challenges of working across sectors.
  5. Liz Aston,
    Scottish Institute of Policing Research and Edinburgh Napier University
    Partnerships and where we go from here

  1. Helen Christmas,
    Public Health Fellowship, Public Health England, &
    Justin Srivastava,
    Lancashire Constabulary, England
    Public health approaches in policing
  2. Jason Kew,
    Detective Inspector, Thames Valley Police, England
    Public health approaches to policing: drug diversion
  3. Paul Gresty,
    Partnership Manager, Brighter Futures for Children, England
    Public health approaches to policing: the Reading Model of Collaborative Leadership
  4. Eamonn O’Moore,
    National Lead Health & Justice Team and Director UK Collaborating Centre, WHO Health in Prisons Programme (Europe), Public Health England
    Public health approaches to policing: no justice without health


  1. Katy Kamkar,
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Canada
    Police mental health and well-being – psychological health and safety strategies addressing moral injury, compassion fatigue and burnout to promote individual and organizational resiliency
  2. Grant Edwards,
    Australian Federal Police
    Police mental health and well-being
  3. Ian Hesketh,
    College of Policing, UK
    The Thin Blue Line is OK: delivering a national well-being service in policing
  4. Dale McFee,
    Edmonton Police Service, Canada
    Police mental health and well-being from an intake and off ramp perspective
  5. Paul Pedersen,
    Greater Sudbury Police Service, Canada
    Leadership opportunities: helping our people help others
  6. Katrina Sanders,
    Australian Federal Police
    A holistic approach to health protection in law enforcement agencies
  7. Jeff Thompson,
    Columbia University Medical Center, USA
    The law enforcement psychological autopsy: understanding suicide in policing
  8. Abby McLeod, Australian Federal Police
    Reframing diversity and inclusion in policing: it’s a health and well-being issue
  9. Ann Bell, Police Scotland
    Positive action in recruitment

  1. Gillian Routledge,
    Head of Tasking and Coordination, Durham Constabulary, England
    Can Durham Police’s Checkpoint deferred prosecution program reducing reoffending and improve life chances through early intervention?
  2. John Cooper,
    Durham Constabulary, England
    One size doesn’t fit all: similar people? different needs?
  3. Jo McGregor-Taylor,
    Checkpoint Supervisor, Durham Constabulary, England
    Diverting people with mental health issues away from the criminal justice system
  4. Tracy Claughton,
    Checkpoint Supervisor, Durham Constabulary, England
    Diverting people with alcohol issues away from the criminal justice system
  5. Kevin Weir,
    Durham Constabulary, England
    Diverting people who use drugs away from the criminal justice system
  6. Andy Crowe,
    Durham Constabulary, England
    Diverting domestic abuse perpetrators away from the criminal justice system
10.30 – 5.30pm POSTERS

Cromdale Hall

Ngozichukwuka Agu, University of South Florida, USA
Understanding characteristics and perceptions of individuals attending the Batterer Intervention Programs methods, possibilities and risk

Robert Andersson, Linnaeus University, Sweden
Evaluating qualitative police work by quantitative
Garima Arora, University of Dundee, Scotland
Is oral health an important factor for mental health among people in custody in Scottish prisons?
Gil Artyom, First Moscow State Medical University, Russia
Gaps in the legal regulation of nonbeverage alcohols consumed for drinking in Russia
Roberta Guio de Azevedo, Federal University of Rio de Janiero, Brazil
Silicosis in the extraction of ornamental granite in Espírito Santo, Brazil: to prevent you need to know
Jane Buxton,
University of British Columbia, Canada
The silent increase of methamphetamine use and its harms
Katherine Comer, Health Education England
Modern slavery and public health
Mikael Emseng, Umea University, Sweden
Conflict management training among Swedish police officers
He Gao, Imperial College London, England
Use of TETRA personal radios and sickness absence in the Airwave Health Monitoring Study of the British police forces
Mehdi Ghazinour, Umea University, Sweden
Conflict management training among Swedish police officers
Mery Gonzales Delgado, Fundacion Universitaria del Area Andina
Comparative analysis of public policies on the voluntary termination of pregnancy in Latin American countries in the period 2008 to 2018
Shi Haitao, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
 Community-based drug rehabilitation under the ‘People’s War on Drugs”  in China
Claudia Heinzelmann, German Prevention Congress
Applied prevention research: crime and violence prevention in Germany
Alexandra Hernandez, Touro University, USA
Developing a ‘Health Equity and Criminal Justice (HECJ)’ concentration for a Master of Public Health (MPH) program: assessment of community partner and potential employer interest
Ivana Jeles, Police College Croatia
A new three-part approach to stress reduction in the Croatian Police Force
Cecilia Jonsson, Linnaeus University
Police cooperation with civil society: from a closed authority to an open social actor?
Chanika Kaeorat, MMC Tools (Thailand) Co. Ltd.
Legal problems regarding the disclosure of severe confidentiality of psychiatric patients by psychiatrists under Thai law
Mohammad Karamouzian, University of British Columbia, Canada
Intentional fentanyl use among people who use drugs in British Columbia, Canada: findings of the BC Harm Reduction Client’s Survey
Paul Keppel, GGZ inGeest, The Nederlands
Mobile Care Unit (The Nederlands) : an integrated approach
Oluchukwu Obiora, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Experiences of girls who underwent female genital mutilation/cutting
Tracey Price, University of Stirling, Scotland
Diversion: criminal justice to drug treatment
Islanda Rivera Arias, Fundacion Universitaria del Area Andina, Columbia
Analysis of public policies of healthy work environments in some Latin American countries in the period from 2000 to 2019
Debbie Sigerson, NHS Health Scotland
Smoke-free prisons: co-producing a service specification supporting people in our care
Coral Sirdifield, University of Lincoln, England
Healthcare for offenders on probation: availability and the relationship between health and criminal justice agencies
Vaughan Statham & Andrew Clark, NHS National Services, Scotland
National Strategic Networks for Police and Prison Care: a renewed approach
Melissa Willoughby, University of Melbourne, Australia
Increased risk of violence related death among people exposed to the criminal justice system
CV1  CV2 CV3 CV4
Fighting domestic violence in Europe: best practices and major challenges Drug courts: evidence, lessons learned and recommendations         The approach to violence reduction in Scotland and its wider application

The panel will address how the learning from Scotland can be transferred across very different areas of the country? What are the challenges and how can we overcome them? There is no ‘one size fits all’ approach to violence prevention. However, what is key is the need to understand the underlying problems and how best to apply the evidenced based ‘solutions’.

Public health approaches to the prevention of child sexual abuse
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
LOCATION: The Harris Room, Galloway Suite
CONVENER: Joachim Kersten, Coordinator of the IMPRODOVA project, German Police University

CHAIR: Pat Griffin, Holy Family University, USA

CONVENER: John Collins, Executive Director, London School of Economics Drug Policy Unit, England

CHAIR: Denise Tomasini-Joshi, Open Society Foundations, USA

CONVENER AND FACILITATOR: Niven Rennie, Violence Reduction Unit, Glasgow, Scotland CONVENER: Stuart Allardyce, Director of Stop It Now! Scotland, Lucy Faithfull Foundation, England

  1. Joachim Kersten, Coordinator of the IMPRODOVA project, German Police University
    Leadership as a key resource for frontline responses to domestic abuse                     
  2. Michele Burman,
    Head of School, University of Glasgow, Scotland
    Frontline responses to domestic abuse in Scotland: assessing, managing and mitigating risk
  3. Stefanie Giljohann,
    Research Assistant, Police Berlin, Germany
    Networks against domestic abuse in Berlin: from intervention to prevention

  1. John Collins,
    London School of Economics Drug Policy Unit, England
    International experiences of drug courts: a comparative perspective
  2. Ana Pecova,
    EQUIS Justice for Women, Mexico
    Drug courts in Mexico: a feminist perspective
  3. Winifred Agnew-Pauley, Policy Intstitute for the Eastern Region (PIER), England
    Drug courts in the United States: lessons learned

  1. Will Linden,
    VRU Scotland
  2. Lib Peck,
    VRU London
  3. Claire Dhami,
    West Midlands Combined Authority, England
  4. Ashley Bertie,
    West Midlands Police, England

  5. Daryl Lyons,
    Community Initiative to Reduce Violence, Northamptonshire



  1. Stuart Allardyce,
    Director of Stop It Now! Scotland, Lucy Faithfull Foundation. England
    Public health approaches to preventing child sexual abuse

  2. Donald Findlater,
    Director Stop it Now Helpline, Lucy Faithfull Foundation, England  The work of the Stop it Now! UK & Ireland Helpline

  3. Fiona Jackson,
    Detective Inspector Online Child Abuse Investigations Team (OCAIT), England
    Preventing child sexual exploitation online

1.00-2.00pm LUNCH
L 1 L 2 L3
Public health: should prosecutors mind their own business? The police role in drug use scenarios: stigma and expectations of police actions The disadvantage of a head start: why low and middle income countries might take the lead in developing LEPH
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
CHAIR:Richard Bent, Simon Fraser University, Canada
CHAIR: Nick Crofts, Centre for Law Enforcment and Public Health, Australia CHAIR: Melissa Jardine, Centre for Law Enforcement & Public Health, Australia
SPEAKER: David Harvie, Crown Agent, Scotland SPEAKER: Commandante António Leitão da Silva, Chief of Polícia Municipal do Porto, Portugal SPEAKER: Auke van Dijk, Police of the Netherlands
C1 C2 C3 C4 C5
Collaboration & technology: building enhanced capacity for community safety and well-being

*This session will be a facilitated discussion

Harm reduction Mental health pathways and partnerships Risk assessment and risk management of intimate partner violence Developing best practices related to data, education and screening: working across sectors to improve outcomes associated with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Ochil Room, Galloway Suite
Harris Room, Galloway Suite
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
CONVENER AND FACILITATOR: Chad Nilson, Collaboration Specialist, Living Skies Centre for Social Inquiry, Canada CHAIR: Palani Narayanan, Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis Malaria CHAIR: Nadine Dougall, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland CONVENER: Susanne Strand, Orebro University, Sweden CONVENER: Jocelynn Cook, Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Canada

  1. Dale McFee,
    Chief, Edmonton Police Service, Canada
  2. Cal Corley,
    CEO, Community Safety Knowledge Alliance, Canada
  3. Mathew Swarney,
    Director of Government Affairs, Motorola Solutions, Canada
  4. Chad Nilson,
    Collaboration Specialist, Living Skies Centre for Social Inquiry, Canada
  5. Nishan Duraiappah,
    Deputy Chief , Halton Regional Police Service, Canada

  1. Benjamin Scher,
    University of Waterloo, Canada
    Police practices in relation to supervised injecting site users in Vancouver; an ethnographic study
  2. Saket Priyadarshi,
    National Health Service, Scotland
    A drug consumption room in Scotland
  3. Liz Aston,
    Scottish Institute for Policing Research and Edinburgh Napier University
    What is the role of law enforcement in a public health approach to the drug problem? A synthesis of international data and implications for Scotland
  4. Jerusha Vithiyanandan,
    University of Dundee, Scotland
    Assessing risk of drug death in people known to Substance Misuse Service: a retrospective cohort study
  5. Jessica Davidson,
    NHS Lothian, Scotland
    Faculty of Arrest Referral: anticipatory care and preventing deaths in custody
  6. Leah Pope,
    Vera Institute of Justice, USA
    Emerging police responses to the  US overdose crisis

  1. Arun Sondhi,
    Therapeutic Solutions (Addictions) Ltd, England & Emma Williams,
    Canterbury Christ Church University, England
    Police and health operational staff perspectives on managing detainees held under Section 136 of the Mental Health Act: a qualitative study in London
  2. Alice Park,
    University of York, England
    Policing mental health: a realist evaluation of mental health triage
  3. Ron Hoffman,
    Nipissing University, Canada
    Police use of a mental health screener to promote a collaborative approach to effectively respond to the needs of persons with serious mental health disorders
  4. Francesca Menichelli,
    University of Surrey, England
    Innovations in institutional responses to vulnerability: a case study from an English local authority
  5. Lynda Breen,
    Garda Siochana Analysis Service, Ireland
    To assist the Local Authority in Limerick to reduce suicide and suicide attempts in public places

  1. Susanne Strand,
    Orebro University, Sweden
    Risk assessment and risk management of intimate partner violence and stalking in urban, rural and remote areas
  2. Joakim Petersson,
    Orebro University, Sweden
    Proposing a typology of intimate partner violent men: implications for risk assessment and management
  3. Joakim Petersson,
    Orebro University, Sweden
    Legal risk management strategies: the use of arrest and restraining orders as protective interventions in cases of intimate partner violence
  4. Susanne Strand,
    Orebro University, Sweden
    Structured risk management within and between police and social service reduces intimate partner violence
  5. Alexander Workman,
    Western Sydney University, Australia
    Victims from the margins: racial and ethnic minorities access to criminal justice

  1. Kathy Unsworth,
    Canada FASD Research Network, Canada
    FASD, law and mental health: the Canadian experience
  2. Hayley Passmore,
    University of Western Australia
    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in the Australian youth justice system: Prevalence, implications and workforce development
  3. Christopher Steer,
    Scottish Government
    Provision and support for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Scotland: progress report and implications for the criminal justice community
  4. Patricia Jackson,
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland
    New opportunities in Scotland to diagnose those affected by FASD
  5. Jennifer Shields & Sarah Brown,
    Fetal Alcohol Advisory and Support team
    Lessons learned from Scotland’s first Fetal Alcohol Assessment and Support Team


(Marketplace of Ideas sessions will be longer, in smaller groups and should be highly interactive)

MoI 1 (2 x 45 minute presentations) MoI 2 (2 x 45 minute presentations) MoI 3 (2 x 45 minute presentations)
Carrick Room 1, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 2, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 3, Galloway Suite
1.1 Jeff Thompson, Columbia University Medical Center 2.1 John Harrison, College of Policing, UK & James Nye, Devon and Cornwall Police, UK 3.1 Helen Christmas & Linda Hindle, Public Health England, Mike Cunningham, College of Policing, England

Law enforcement psychological autopsy: hands-on workshop A health promoting police force: an evolutionary development for well-being at work Public health approaches to policing: practical tools for police forces and partners
The purpose of creating the Law Enforcement Psychological Autopsy (LE-PA) was to adapt and modify current PA templates being used and suggested by researchers and groups including AAS in order to be practical for implementing in law enforcement.This workshop will raise awareness of what the psychological autopsy is and how it can be trained to law enforcement agencies so their personnel tasked with investigating suicides (including that of their own officers) can have a better understanding of suicide, the risk factors and warning signs, how to conduct interviews in order to build rapport and trust, and how to present the findings.In this session there will be group discussions, interactive example “test” questions, review of the LE-PA template, active listening exercises, and opportunities to review data. The concept of a health-promoting police force arises as a consequence of a strategic approach to health and well-being. Investment in well-being requires culture change to embed it as business as usual. Successful policing of communities is contingent on promoting and maintaining high levels of health and well-being in our police officers and police staff. A health-promoting police force will be concerned with the health of our communities and our ability to influence this. There are clear links between some health issues and levels of crime.A policing – health collaboration would explore how police well-being resources and initiatives might be used to also benefit local communities. This session will comprise two short presentations followed by a facilitated discussion of set questions. The question of “what exactly is a public health approach to policing?” is one that has often been raised, especially during the development and implementation of the Police and Health consensus for England. The phrase “a public health approach to” is used in different ways. In the UK at the moment there is a particular focus on public health approach to serious violence, but there has been a lack of clarity about meaning. We have developed a discussion paper, published with the College of Policing and Public Health England. It explores what a public health approach looks like for policing under five headings: population, prevention, causes of the causes, data and evidence base, partnership. Phase two of the project is to develop a set of principles and some practical materials to support the implementation of public health approaches in police forces. It is this part of the project that the Marketplace of Ideas session will focus on, seeking the input and agreement of the audience to finalise the resource.
1.2 Ron Bruno, CIT International, USA
Amy Watson, CIT and University of Illinois, Chicago, USA
2.2 Abby McLeod & Katrina Sanders Australian Federal Police 3.2 Lynne McNiven, NHS Ayrshire and Arran, Scotland; Kathleen Winter, Crosshouse Hospital, Scotland; Joanne Logan, Police Scotland; Jemma Davidson and Alice Dillon, Community Justice Ayrshire, Scotland; Colin Convery, Police Scotland
Building mental health crisis response systems: emerging best practices from the United States Mental health, police and other first responders Connecting the dots: promoting a joined up approach to “diversity and inclusion” and “organisational health and well-being” Working together to achieve more
In many communities in the USA, police are the primary service to respond to individuals experiencing mental health crises.  This can have significant negative consequences for all involved, and increase the over representation of individuals with mental illness in criminal justice system.

While many associate CIT with law enforcement training, the CIT model is much more and provides a useful framework for building mental health crisis response systems that minimize the involvement of law enforcement. The model develops partnerships across LE, mental health services, advocates and service users/family members. The panel format of this session will ensure the session is dynamic and engaging, we will take a team approach to presenting and involving audience members in discussion.  Several segments of the session will ask the audience to walk through scenarios related to their own local crisis response resources and consider best practice strategies for building more comprehensive and responsive crisis response systems that minimize the role of police and the criminal justice system.

In this session we aim to stimulate discussion about the relationship between organisational health and inclusion, and the ways in which policing organisations can connect these currently separate bodies of work to maximise benefits for all.  In doing so, we will share reflections on our own experiences working to promote organisational health and inclusion in the Australian Federal Police (AFP) and offer our views on practical ways of bringing these areas of work closer together, including a consideration of risks and benefits.  We will then invite participants to share their own experiences and ideas, through a semi-structured series of questions aimed to generate sharing and critical analysis. The ACE’s framework provides a well researched explanatory model for the link between exposures to trauma and adversity in childhood, associated inter-generational transmission of adversity and long term negative health and social outcomes. Our work is multifaceted involving collaboration between colleagues from Police Scotland, Public Health, The Violence Reduction Unit and Community Justice who have worked closely to develop and deliver targeted pieces of joint work across Ayrshire. The initial feedback from 3rd sector, police officers, addiction workers and other individuals have highlighted subtle changes in practice which have enhanced experiences. There has been recognition at grass roots level of the “Start Where You Are and Do What You Can” ethos. Multidisciplinary and Agency Teams will discuss the journey undertaken to date highlighting challenges, sharing good practice, lessons learned from their perspective, Interactive session will engage with the audience.
3.30-4.00pm AFTERNOON TEA
C6 C7 C8 C9 C10
Collaborative leadership Police well-being I Diversion Impact of incarceration Female genital mutilation
Ochil Room, Galloway Suite
Harris Room, Galloway Suite
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
CHAIR: Auke van Dijk, Police of The Netherlands
CHAIR: Isabelle Bartkowiak-Theron, Tasmanian Institute of Law Enforcement Studies, University of Tasmania, Australia CHAIR: Liz Aston, Scottish Institute of Policing Research and Edinburgh Napier University CHAIR: Greg Denham, Law Enforcement and HIV Network (LEAHN), Australia CHAIR: Melissa Jardine, Centre for Law Enforcement & Public Health

  1. Craig McGrath,
    Queensland Police Service, Australia
    Product contamination: complexities of managing an enmeshed public health alert and a criminal investigation
  2. Rachel Staniforth,
    South Yorkshire Violence Reduction Unit, England
    Fortifying our relationships
  3. Roz Warden,
    Barnwood Trust, England &
    Amy Dyde,
    Gloucestershire Constabulary, England
    An initiative to build community capacity and resilience: collaborative evaluation findings
  4. Rebecca Stenberg,
    Linkoping University, Sweden
    In search of Dante: initiative and collaboration in emergency situations
  5. Guy Lamb,
    University of Cape Town, South Africa
    The complexities of pursuing a whole of society” policing approach in a violent and unequal African city

  1. Annika Smit,
    Police Academy, Netherlands
    Sensitivity or resistance: on the resilience paradox in policing
  2. Grainne Perkins,
    Seattle University, USA
    The spectre of trauma in the South African Police Service
  3. Terry Bunn,
    University of Kentucky, USA
    Officer use of force injuries while apprehending individuals under the influence
  4. Evangelia Demou,
    University of Glasgow, Scotland
    The Airwave Health Monitoring Study (AHMS): an occupational cohort study of the British police forces
  5. Evangelia Demou,
    University of Glasgow, Scotland
    Policing and work-life balance: attainable or elusive?

  1. Matthew Bacon,
    University of Sheffield, England
    Police-led diversion programmes for drug and drug-related offenders in England and Wales
  2. Jack Rowlands,
    Metropolitan Police Service, England
    DIVERT: a police custody diversion programme for young adults
  3. Arun Sondhi,
    Therapeutic Solutions (Addictions) Ltd, England
    Assessing engagement with the Drug Intervention Programme (DIP) in London
  4. Evan Anderson,
    University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Police perspectives on police assisted diversions in Philadelphia
  5. Evangelica Juarez,
    Temple University, USA
    Issues in the distribution of behavioural health resources: considerations for police diversion efforts

  1. Melissa Willoughby,
    University of Melbourne, Australia
    Violence-related deaths among adults released from prison: a data linkage study
  2. Stuart Kinner,
    University of Melbourne, Australia
    The Mortality After Release from Incarceration Consortium (MARIC) study: a multi-national, individual participant data meta-analysis
  3. Jesse Young,
    University of Melbourne, Australia
    Overdose deaths among justice-involved young people: a whole-population retrospective cohort study
  4. Nemesia Kelly,
    Touro University California, USA
    Replacing the state: the role of post-conviction attorneys in the post-incarceration lives of California’s exonerees
  5. Mudia Uzzi,
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA
    Temporal relationship of criminal justice involvement and transactional sex among black men who have sex with men in Baltimore, Maryland: depressive symptoms as a mediator
  6. Margaret Erickson,
    Centre for Gender & Sexual Health Equality, Canada
    “They look at you like you’re contaminated”: How HIV-related stigma and power dynamics shape HIV care access for incarcerated women living with HIV in a Canadian setting

  1. Sara Johnsdotter & Lotta Wendel,
    Malmo University, Sweden
    Societal measures to check for suspected female genital mutilation in Sweden: an analysis of proportionality in the authorities handling of suspected cases
  2. Saffron Karlsen & Christina Pantazis, University of Bristol, England
    Towards more collaborative approaches to female genital mutilation safeguarding: accommodating the perspectives of Somali families
  3. Oluchukwu Obiora,
    University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Female genital mutilation in Africa: scoping the landscape of evidence
  4. Glenda Bonde,
    National FGM Centre, England
    Harmful practices: leaving no one behind using a whole systems approach


(Marketplace of Ideas sessions will be longer, in smaller groups and should be highly interactive)

MoI 4 (2 x 45 minute presentations) MoI 5 (2 x 45 minute presentations) MoI 6 (2 x 45 minute presentations)
Carrick Room 1, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 2, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 3, Galloway Suite
4.1 Stan Gilmour & Lewis Prescott-Mayling, Thames Valley Police, England, Éamonn O’Moore, Public Health England 5.1 Dave Caesar, Carol Goodman, Susan Fraser, Project Lift, Scotland,
Steph Phillips, NHS24 Scotland, & Christine Goodall, University of Glasgow, Scotland
6.1 Norrie Petrie, Police Scotland & Jardine Simpson, Scottish Recovery Consortium (SRC)
Data analytics for law enforcement and public health in the Reading Model Project Lift: collaboration – learning from practice Substance misuse and the impact of stigma
Individuals are affected by heterogeneous harm events (e.g. crimes, neglect, mental health, adverse childhood experiences) and the police, social care and health are tasked with reducing the likelihood of these events occurring and their harmful impact if they do. Often the identification of individuals or groups most likely to come to harm is done in isolation by each agency. This discussion will unpack the potential when multiagency data is brought together to forecast individuals and groups most likely to come to harm following adverse experiences being recorded by any agency. Currently most decisions on when and where to target public sector resources are ‘clinical decisions’. Public sector agencies need to utilise ‘data analytics’ to identify threat, harm, opportunity and risk which is more accurate than using clinical decisions alone.  However, as not everything that needs to be considered is quantifiable, best practice blends clinical experience with quantitative evidence. It is simply likely to be more accurate, particularly when dealing with large numbers of cases as it is not possible for all information to be assessed by clinical based decisions. This session will illustrate the issues or needs that this collaborative partnership is addressing. Project Lift is a new approach to recruit, retain, develop and manage talent within Health and Social Care in Scotland to ensure the best, most able leaders reach boardrooms. By identifying supporting, enhancing and growing its talent at every level, we will enable delivery of best outcomes for patients and high quality safe, effective care in our communities.  Project Lift focuses on embedding a leadership approach underpinned by principles of collective, collaborative and compassionate leadership. The intended impact is for senior leaders in the Scottish Prison Service to use the learning and experiences of others, as well as their own, to inform their ongoing work to enable cultural and transformational change. The collaboration also offers rich experience and learning for the Criminal Justice Team.

We will offer insights and learning from our stories of collaboration from a number of sources: from our live collaborative experiments within leadership, more broadly from Project Lift leadership communities and from our own experiences of collaboration as a Project Lift team.

Stigma is recognised as a key factor impacting on People Who Use Drugs (PWUD). It can cause reluctance in individuals to engage with services that could support them in tackling substance use and also any correlated issue(s) that may have been a factor that has resulted in substance use/addiction. The research will be delivered by way of a workshop. Attendees from a cross sector will be invited to provide feedback/stimulate discussion on the following key areas:
How stigmatisation impacts are seen from different organisational perspectives who come into contact with PWUD.How the contact between organisations and PWUD can positively/negatively impact on the stigmatisation of an individual.
How we can use the learnings to inform organisations about how they can positively influence individual and multi-organisational and community culture in relation to the stigmatisationof PWUDWhat success looks like and how do we measure it.
4.2 Lesslie Young, Epilepsy Scotland 5.2 Jac Charlier, TASC’s Center for Health and Justice, USA & Mike Trace, The Forward Trust, England 6.2. Carolyn Thom,The Forensic Practice Vancouver, Canada & Scott Jones, Edmonton Police Service, Canada
Are you going to kill me? The potential fatal consequences of misinterpreted behaviour Deciding when to “deflect”: a visual model of police decision-making factors Canine assisted child forensic interviewing in child abuse cases
Epilepsy is the world’s most common neurological condition and seizures present in a huge variety of ways involving impaired consciousness and cognition, and sometimes automatism or inappropriate behaviours.  The post-seizure period may be associated with communication difficulties, confusion and impaired cognition, amnesia, emotional instability and post-ictal psychosis. It poses particular challenges to law enforcement through individuals displaying seizure-related behaviour which can be misinterpreted – sometimes with fatal consequences. This session discusses epilepsy and how it can manifest in a law enforcement situation, including automatism behaviour. It describes the effects of the condition beyond seizures and how this may impact the work of police and prosecutors. It also details questions those in law enforcement can ask themselves in identifying whether apparently criminal behaviour is in fact related to seizure activity. This is a practical session, brought to life with thought-provoking case studies and footage. There is a groundswell of government and police-led innovations designed to link people affected by mental health and substance use issues to treatment and community services. As developments unfold, it is important to share ideas and practices across jurisdictions and collaborate in producing shared conceptual frameworks and models of systems-wide change. Researchers and practitioners across the law enforcement and public health sectors must develop a shared understanding of first responder decision-making and the specific factors that influence officers’ decisions to divert or “deflect” people away from criminal justice interventions.  This session will offer a provisional visual model for considering officer decision-making, incorporating what is known about deflection decision-making and the contextual factors that influence decisions to deflect in different sites. The initiative seeks to develop a robust model of systems-wide change that can guide research and collaborative work to shift strategies aimed at addressing mental health and substance use conditions away from law enforcement/criminal justice responses to community-based treatment. Presenters will workshop the model with attendees and map out how the decision-making processes play out in different contexts.
This session will include an oral presentation with photographic and video demonstrations that will describe the impact of a Canine Assistance Intervention (CAI) program in a Canadian Child Advocacy Centre, in the context of criminal investigations of child maltreatment. The Centre is a collaborative community approach utilizing a multidisciplinary team including police, child protection workers, medical personnel, therapists, prosecutors and victim advocates. In 2015 service dogs were allowed to join child witnesses in court whilst testifying re child abuse matters.
Hosted by Police Scotland and the Scottish Intitute for Policing Research

DCC Malcolm Graham, Partnership, Prevention and Community Well-being, Police Scotland
Welcome remarks and overview of LEPH in Police Scotland

Liz Aston, Director of Scottish Institute for Policing Research, Scotland
Knowledge exchange in LEPH

 Police Scotland

Tuesday 22 October

8:30-10:00am PLENARY SESSION P2

Pentland Auditorium

Dimensions of Wellbeing in Law Enforcement and Public Health


Gary Ritchie, Assistant Chief Constable, Police Scotland

Gerald McLaughlin, Chief Executive, NHS Health Scotland


8.30-3.00pm POSTERS – See Monday at 10.30 for a list of poster presentations
10.00-10.45am LEPH ORATION
Professor of Global Public Health
University of Strathclyde, Scotland
Well-being: what is it and how does society create it
10:45-11:15am MORNING TEA
11.15am-12.45pm MAJOR SESSIONS
M5 M6 M7 M8
Leave your ego at the door Models and mechanisms supporting LE/MH partnerships to improve response to individuals with behavioral health conditions Early Action Together Programme: moving from understanding to operationalising trauma-informed policing in Wales Learning from Canada’s accelerating journey toward collaborative Community, Safety and Well-Being (CSWB)
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Pentland Auditorium
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Kilsyth room, Lomond Suite
CONVENER: Linda Hindle, Public Health England

CHAIR: Liz Aston
Scottish Institute of Policing Research and Edinburgh Napier University
CONVENER: Amy Watson, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA CONVENER: Dusty Kennedy,  Public Health Wales

CHAIR: Nadine Dougall, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland

CONVENER: Norm Taylor, Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, Canada

  1. Linda Hindle,
    Public Health England
    Leave your ego at the door
  2. Duncan Selbie,
    Chief Executive, Public Health England
    Why collaborative leadership at national and place level is essential to improve outcomes for individuals, communities and populations
  3. Andy Rhodes QPM,
    Chief Constable Lancashire Constabulary, England
    Compassionate leadership, the national police and health consensus – what has worked and what more needs to happen
  4. Karyn McCluskey,
    Chief Executive, Community Justice Scotland
    Driving systems leadership to reduce health inequalities and maintaining a focus on the people at the receiving end of services

  1. Amy Watson,
    University of Illinois at Chicago
    & Michael Compton,
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
    Review of research on models of LE/MH response to individuals with mental illnesses and intellectual and developmental disabilities
  2. Stuart Thomas,
    RMIT University, Australia
    Policing complexity: police involvement with people with intellectual disability
  3. Melissa Morabito,
    University of Massachusetts Lowell  &
    Jenna Savage,  
    Dedicated: evaluating Boston’s response to people with mental illnesses
  4. Daniel Pearson Hirdes, McMaster University, Canada
    Mental health call trends in Canada: a review of police response to mental health calls in 18 communities
  5. Ron Hoffman,
    Nipissing University, Canada
    The use of a brief mental health screener to enhance police response to mental health crisis and reduce impact on police and health resources                     

  1. Emma Barton,
    Early Action Together Programme, Public Health Wales
    Understanding the police landscape across Wales in responding to vulnerability
  2. Emma Barton,
    Early Action Together Programme, Public Health Wales
    Effectiveness of the ACE TIME training (part of the EAT programme) on the police workforce in increasing awareness of ACE related trauma and impact across the life course; in enabling individuals to competently and confidently respond to vulnerability using ACE informed approach and supporting a whole systems approach between police & partners in preventing and mitigating ACEs
  3. Helen Douglas,
    North Wales Police, National Early Action Together Programme, Public Health Wales, &
    Vicky Jones,
    North Wales Local Partnership, Early Action Together Programme, Public Health Wales
    The reality – ‘Early Action Together’: operationalising the recommendations from research

  1. Norman E Taylor,
    Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, Canada
    Human security: the fundamental promise of any democratic society
  2. Brent Kalinowski &
    Lisa Taylor
    Global Network for Community Safety, Canada
    A decade of Canada-wide mobilizing for collaborative CSWB
  3. Matthew Torigian,
    Munk Centre for Global Affairs and Public Policy, Canada
    Ontario’s path to a legislated mandate for collaborative CSWB planning

Current case studies in locally-led & collaborative CSWP planning & action

Case Study # 1:
Halton Region CSWB Plan

  • Susan Biggs,
    Halton Regional Police Service, Canada

Case Study # 2:
British Columbia’s accelerating uptake of CSWB models

  • Shannon Tucker,
    Office of Crime Reduction and Gang Outreach, BC Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General. Canada

All Presenters: Interactive Panel & Town Hall
Sub-Session: Lessons learned and lessons yet to learn

12.45-2.00pm LUNCH
L 4 L 5 L6
Cutting crime with compassion: a curious defence lawyer’s story Meet the Editor – writing for the special LEPH journal issues
An introduction to the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
CHAIR:Leah Pope, Vera Institute for Justice, USA CHAIR:Inga Heyman, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
SPEAKER: Iain Smith, Keegan Smith Defence Lawyers, Scotland SPEAKER: Lawrie Elliott, Editor and Chief, Glasgow Caledonian University, Scotland
C11 C12 C13 C14 C15
Health and health needs of people involved with criminal justice Harm Reduction in different countries I   Sex work Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) I
The role of prosecutors in achieving public health goals
Ochil room, Galloway Suite
Harris Room, Galloway Suite
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
CHAIR: Éamonn O’Moore, Public Health England CHAIR: Auke van Dijk, Police of the Netherlands CHAIR: Melissa Jardine, Centre for Law Enforcement & Public Health
CHAIR: Nadine Dougall, Edinburgh Napier University
CONVENER: Lucy Lang, John Jay College, USA

  1. Joan Papp,
    MetroHealth, USA
    Expanding access to medication assisted treatment in Cuyahoga County Corrections Center (CCCC)
  2. Nasrul Ismail,
    University of West England
    Rolling back the prison estate: the pervasive impact of macroeconomic austerity on prison health in England, from the perspective of national policymakers
  3. Amanda Butler,
    Simon Fraser University, Canada
    Co-occurring disorders in the provincial correctional system in British Columbia
  4. Stuart Kinner,
    University of Melbourne, Australia
    Health and health service outcomes associated with reincarceration after release from prison: a prospective data linkage study
  5. Debbie Sigerson,
    NHS Health, Scotland
    Smoke free prisons: co-production of a service specification supporting people in our care and improving health outcomes
  6. Fiona Kumari Campbell,
    University of Dundee, Scotland
    A new vision for social care of disabled people in prison

  1. Lanying Huang,
    National Taipei University, Taiwan
    Protection or punishment? Developing a multi-agency model for adolescent substance users in Taiwan
  2. Bajram Nuhui, Kosovo Police
    Activities of the Kosovo Police in framework of the National Drug Strategy on prevention and combating drugs
  3. Kateryna Denysova,
    UNDP Ukraine
    Strengthening the HIV/AIDS response in Ukraine through capacity building of the law enforcement representatives: UNDP Ukraine experience
  4. Jane Buxton,
    University of British Columbia, Canada
    Exploring reasons people use drugs alone: more than stigma or concerns about police
  5. Hai Thanh Luong,
    RMIT University, Australia
    Harm reduction for drug control: a review of one decade changes in Vietnam

  1. Susan Sherman,
    Johns Hopkins University, USA
    Police as ‘clients’ of sex workers in Baltimore, MD, USA: health risks and abuses of power
  2. Lucy Platt,
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, England
    The health impacts of sex work criminalisation: a review of the evidence
  3. Donna Evans,
    RMIT University, Australia
    The policing of sex work in South Africa: introducing the Positive Policing Partnership
  4. Jocelyn Elmes,
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, England
    High levels of police contact and violence among a diverse sample of sex workers in East London: baseline results from an epidemiological cohort study (East London project, component B)
  5. Pippa Grenfell,
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, England & Rachel Stuart, University of Kent, England
    Safety, health and social (in)justice: a participatory qualitative study exploring sex workers’ experience of enforcement, violence and access to healthcare, support and justice in East London (East London Project, component A)


  1. Joseph Schafer,
    St. Louis University, USA
    Exposure to violence and public health: lessons and implications from the St. Louis, Missouri Police-Prosecutor Partnership Initiative
  2. Claire Warrington,
    University of Brighton, England
    Policing the aftermath of ACEs: public health approaches to reduce high frequency repeat detention under Section 136 of the Mental Health Act
  3. Sarah Anderson,
    University of West Scotland
    Rethinking adverse childhood experiences (updated)
  4. Sharon Lambert,
    University College Cork, Ireland
    Trauma-informed policing in Ireland

  • David Harvie,
    Crown Agent, Scotland
  • Larry Krasner,
    City of Philidelphia’s 26th District Attorney, USA
  • Iain Smith,
    Keegan Smith Defence Lawyers, Scotland


(Marketplace of Ideas sessions will be longer, in smaller groups and should be highly interactive)

MoI 7 (2 x 45 minute presentations) MoI 8 (2 x 45 minute presentations) MoI 9 (2 x 45 minute presentations)
Carrick Room 1, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 2, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 3, Galloway Suite
7.1 Elaine Tomlinson,
Police Scotland,
Mental health, police and other first respondersJohn Mitchell,
Mental Health Directorate, Scottish Government,
Distress Brief Intervention (DBI): working beyond frontline boundaries to build connected, compassionate support for people presenting in distressSession is joined by designated members of DBI programme from Emergency Services and 3rd party sector agencies
8.1 Jan Fox, Edmonton Police Service & Dale McFee, Edmonton City Chief of Police, Canada 9.1 Madeleine Smith, REACH Edmonton Council for Safe Communities, and, Dan Jones, University of Huddersfield, England
  Collaborations, systems change and community safety: the 24/7 Crisis Diversion Initiative Collaborating to provide trauma informed training to frontline workers and law enforcement members
Distress Brief Intervention (DBI) supports adults with emotional pain. It provides services with the ability to provide a caring and compassionate response for those in distress. The need to improve the response for people in distress was strongly advocated by people with lived experience, frontline services and research. In response Scottish Government established the DBI programme in November 2016. This is a national and regional distress collaboration between Health and Social care, Primary Care, Police Scotland, Scottish Ambulance Service, NHS Emergency Departments and 3rd sector agencies.

Community Triage is for persons who come into contact with the police in the community and are suffering from mental health crisis. Community Triage is available in 9 out of  13 local policing divisions in Scotland. Police Officers can request the assistance of Mental Health professionals to provide advice.

The panel will share their experience in relation to the initiatives and outline the intentions, learning and future direction of their work.

They will then be open to questions from the audience.

24/7 Crisis Diversion is a first-rate example of collaborative leadership. Edmonton police officers spend a disproportionate amount of time responding to ‘social disorder’ call each year.  This represents thousands of events, many of which do not require police intervention and could be better addressed with community supports. 24/7 Crisis Diversion Teams respond to calls directly from emergency services, as well as public dispatch via the ‘211’ line, for citizens experiencing non-emergency crises.  Teams address the crisis at hand and follow a ‘warm handoff’ protocol to connect the person with supports they need 24 hours per day, 365 days a year. The 24/7 Crisis Diversion team responded to 14,412 events in 2018 alone and is seen as an essential service to the City of Edmonton. Robust social media campaigns have reached hundreds of thousands of citizens, providing a non-emergency resource to call when they see a vulnerable person needing help. In this session we will show videos from multiple perspectives of the collaborative, offer an interactive simulation of our real-time information system and engage in frank discussion of the challenges and barriers to the success of the initiative.  We will also personalize the work by showcasing client journey maps of vulnerable Edmontonians who have engaged with our services. REACH Edmonton Council for Safe Communities is a backbone organization that works to mobilize and coordinate organizations, community groups and Edmontonians to find innovative solutions to community safety and prevention.  For the last 5 years REACH has supported the Trauma Informed Edmonton Committee (TIE) – a network of leading social service agencies and the Edmonton Police Services. The committee acknowledges that personal and intergenerational trauma is one of the most salient contributing factors resulting in people’s involvement in the justice and correctional system. The over-arching goal is to ensure services engaging with vulnerable populations are trauma-informed. This initiative is based on a collaborative and innovative approach to delivering trauma informed training, research and networking in Edmonton. TIE’s approach has resulted in front line workers and support staff creating better service outcomes for clients, which in turn contributes to harm reduction and safer communities.  A short Power Point presentation will highlight a recent environmental scan of clients, perspectives on staff knowledge, and trauma informed capacity and a video of the most recent training that speaks to this effective approach to training via interviews with training participants, facilitators, and Indigenous Elders.
7.2 Neil Wilson, Police Scotland, & Jess Davidson, NHS Lothian, Scotland
8.2 Carlyn Muir, Monash University Accident Research Centre, Australia
9.2 Helen Douglas,
North Wales Police, & Vicky Jones, North Wales Police and Early Action Together Program
Operation Threshhold: assertive outreach  Bringing policing for road safety out of the shadows Improving community and individual resilience through social navigation: an early help pathway to address vulnerability
Operation Threshold was conceived and initiated in Edinburgh to identify, engage and support drug users at the greatest risk of harm whilst robustly targeting those seeking to exploit vulnerable users through enforcement activity. The proposed discussion group will explore the assertive outreach strand of the approach that involved a police led intelligence cell retrospectively reviewing incidents and information systems to identify those who had suffered instances of public space non-fatal overdose. Once identified, the individual’s circumstances were triaged by a single point of contact within NHS Lothian who evaluated their health needs, reviewed recent contact with support and treatment services and generated an anticipatory care plan. Subsequently, the engagement team, comprised of police officers and peer mentors with lived experience of addiction, traced the individual and provided the necessary support or signposting/onward referral as appropriate. The session will include presentations from police and health representatives supported by case studies to probe the effectiveness of the approach, and will incorporate time for discussion and an overview of planned future work to further enhance inter-agency information sharing. Road trauma continues to be a global public health problem with between 20 and 50 million people disabled and 1.35 million people killed annually – 90% of the deaths occurring in low‐and middle‐income countries (LMICs). While a decrease in deaths has occurred in many high‐income countries, this is not the case in LMICs., where deaths are projected to increase by 80% over the next 20 years to become the second leading cause in the global burden of disease ranking.While road safety is an intersectoral issue police have a unique opportunity to achieve road-user behaviour change (and resulting public health benefits) through intensive and strategic enforcement. Police are a lead agency for road safety across government in many LMICs. However currently, prioritisation, institutional support and capacity for road policing in many LMICs is low. In 2017, Monash University (MUARC), WHO and Victoria Police hosted a Workshop on Safe Systems and Police Enforcement for Road Safety, which was attended by Chiefs of Police in selected Pacific Island countries. The focus of this session is to present a case example of the development and implementation of a police capacity building program suitable for LMICs and to bring together operational police, researchers and related agencies to share experiences, challenges and future opportunities for traffic policing in LMICs. Whilst Police demand for public welfare and safety is increasing, efforts to address vulnerability often result in “no further action” (NFA), with many individuals unable to receive intervention to address their needs. To address the lack of early intervention and preventative activity the Early Action Together Program was developed, a collaboration between Public Health Wales and the four Wales Police Forces and Police and Crime Commissioners, in partnership with Criminal Justice, Youth Justice and third sector organisations. The programme aims to facilitate the start of a transformation of policing and criminal justice in Wales to take a multi-agency, public health ACE and trauma informed approach to vulnerability. Each force are required to develop localised early help referral pathways to address vulnerability at the earliest opportunity and where possible, before statutory intervention is required. North Wales Police are testing Social Navigation models within a policing context, a multi-agency approach which draws on local partners to find a community resolution to address presenting needs or vulnerabilities that do not meet statutory thresholds.

The session will present this model  and early findings from evaluation and research video clips and animations, a case study and attendees will have the opportunity to ask questions, feedback on outcomes and share good practice.

3.30-4.00pm AFTERNOON TEA
C16 C17 C18 C19 C20
Effective police responses to mental health related calls
LEPH education and training
Police well-being/ill mental health
Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) II
Neurocognitive disorders and law enforcement
Ochil Room, Galloway Suite
Harris Room, Galloway Suite

Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
CHAIR: Stuart Thomas RMIT University, Australia CHAIR: Andrew Wooff, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland CHAIR: Ian de Terte, Massey University, New Zealand CHAIR: Jamie Clover, Edmonton Police, Canada CHAIR: Richard Bent Simon Fraser University, Canada

  1. Jennifer Wood,
    Temple University, USA
    What “counts” as good police work during mental health related encounters
  2. Ian Cummins,
    University of Salford, England
    Policing and mental illness: exploring the problems of definition
  3. Jill Stavert, Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
    Supporting equal and non-discriminatory enjoyment of rights by persons with mental disabilities in crisis situations: the role of advance planning
  4. Jeremy Tumoana,
    University of Otago, New Zealand
    Citizen stories of police encounters while experiencing mental distress in Aotearoa
  5. Jonas Hansson,
    Umea University, Sweden
    The use of conducted energy weapons by the Swedish police in relation to vulnerable populations
  6. Jolene Geh,
    Melbourne Health, Australia
    When two worlds collide: Enhanced Critical Response Program

  1. Matthew Green,
    Touro University California, USA
    Thinking about justice: student and alumni feedback on the development of a new MPH concentration in health equity and criminal justice
  2. Daliah Heller,
    City University of New York, USA
    Building a criminal justice pedagogy in public health: workforce development for change
  3. Larissa Engelmann,
    Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
    Policing in Scotland: the role of higher education in supporting police officer development and partnership work
  4. Noorhan Abbas,
    University of Cumbria, England
    Technology training: an effective tool to enhance inter-organisational information sharing
  5. Yasmeen Krameddine,
    University of Alberta, Canada
    Evidence-informed strategies for de-escalation and non-escalation between law enforcement and those in distress: current research for safe interactions

  1. Lynda Crowley-Cyr,
    University of Southern Queensland, Australia
    Australian law enforcement and mental health: the dire need for action
  2. Adam Vaughan,
    Texas State University, USA
    Relationship between mental health training and mental health knowledge, stigma and resilience in a sample of Canadian public safety personnel
  3. Serina Fuller,
    London South Bank University, England
    ‘We are not mental health experts’: distinctiveness in negotiating and protecting the police identity
  4. Ronald Camp ll,
    University of Regina, Canada
    Leadership and psychological safety: evidence from a study with the Calgary Police Service
  5. Shane Doyle,
    Central Queensland University, Australia
    Stress and leadership development: what impact does eustress, distress and catastrophic stress have on the development of senior police leaders

  1. Daniel Jones,
    University of Huddersfield, England,
    Women, incarceration, victimisation, offending and trauma: the overlap and the impact
  2. Rebecca Phythian,
    University of Central Lancashire, England & Justin Srivastava, Lancashire Police, England
    Safer communities in Lancashire
  3. Kate Thomson,
    Glasgow Caledonian University, Scotland
    Understanding and responding to child sexual exploitation in Scotland
  4. Alan Mulholland,
    Police Scotland
    Police Scotland: corporate parenting – joining the dots on our parenting journey
  5. Suzanne O’Rourke,
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland & Graeme Buchan, Police Scotland
    Edinburgh VOW Project: a successful collaboration between police officers and mentors with lived experience

  1. Ron Hoffman,
    Nipissing University, Canada
    Enhancing police officer identification of persons with intellectual disabilities
  2. Katie Gambier-Ross,
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland
    Staying safe ‘Going Out’: the experience of being missing for people with dementia
  3. Danielle Wallace,
    Arizona State University, USA
    Individuals with Spectrum Disorders: concerns from law enforcement officers and parents
  4. Thijs Fassaert,
    Public Health Service Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Screening for brain injury in a population of frequent violent offenders
  5. Tony Bowman,
    Sold Network, ARC Scotland
    Neurocognitive disorders: ‘Hidden in plain sight’ (e.g. epilepsy, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, acquired/traumatic brain injury)


(Marketplace of Ideas sessions will be longer, in smaller groups and should be highly interactive)

MoI 10 (2 x 45 minute presentations) MoI 11 (2 x 45 minute presentations) MoI 12 (2 x 45 minute presentations)
Carrick Room 1, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 2, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 3, Galloway Suite
10.1 Janet Whitley, Workforce Scotland, & Dot McLaughlin, Scottish Government 11.1 Claire Coleman & Emma Croft,
Police Scotland
12.1 Ian Thomson & Claire Craig, Police Scotland
Collective Leadership for Scotland Supporting police: understanding CAM and its foundations in the THRIVE Model Your well-being matters: Police Scotland’s approach to well-being and resilience
There is a growing recognition of the need for shared responsibility in leadership and action across public services in Scotland. There is a growing understanding of the need to work differently to achieve better outcomes and tackle inequalities. There is also an increasing understanding of the complex, systemic and interrelated nature of many issues that we are trying to address. With this comes the recognition that no single organisation, group or agency can tackle these alone, and that effective collaboration in support of transformed outcomes is difficult to achieve. Collective Leadership is an innovative programme of leadership development which works with multi-partner groups of leaders at whatever level they are in the system, seeking to tackle a societal or place-based issue for which they have day to day responsibility, actively drawing on theories and learning relevant to the issue and to leadership. Collective Leadership for Scotland seeks to reach beyond the boundaries of traditional hierarchies and public institutions tackling issues like, mental health and policing or the links between health and justice.Session participants will be involved in activities that will focus on their own complex issues and have an opportunity to reflect on their skills in practice. Police Scotland is  rolling out the Contact Assessment Model (CAM) Project, to transform the way that Police Scotland assesses and responds to vulnerability. In addition to adopting the THRIVE assessment (THRIVE – Threat, Harm, Risk, Investigation, Vulnerability, Engagement) methodology the CAM Project will also seek to introduce a range of alternate resolution options, designed around meeting the needs of the caller. One such leading option at initial point of contact will be Mental Health Pathways (MHP)

In advance of the implementation of CAM and the MHP, the only resolution option currently available to Police Scotland Control Room / Service Centre staff dealing with distressed adult callers / people with apparent mental health issues is to arrange for police officer attendance.  Whilst calls of this nature typically generate a high priority police response, police officers receive very limited training in relation to mental health.This will be an informal session where participants will understand what CAM actually means, how it is based on the THRIVE model and what the scale/ scope of it is, as well as how we have implemented it – and how it is being received. We see this as an opportunity to get other policing partners to interact with us and will look for their advice, guidance and some ideas as well.

Working within the emergency services involves exposure to stress including violent and traumatic events which can generate an increased risk of developing mental health problems including depression, anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Police Scotland have created the “Your Well-being Matters” programme, to ensure that our officers and staff feel informed, valued and supported – physically, psychologically, socially and financially. The program offers EAP services available 24 hrs a day and TRiM, a trauma focused peer support system. Furthermore a national network of more than 200 Well-being Champions has been established, all receiving NHS accredited Scottish Mental Health First Aid Training. The programme is embedding a culture where the promotion of well-being is integrated into all aspects of the organisation.  This is creating a safe positive and healthy working environment for all officers and staff whilst ensuring that managers are equipped with effective and practical information, policies and guidance to support the well-being of their teams. This session will include input from a serving Police Superintendent, who with 25 years police experience has lived with the challenge of suffering poor mental health throughout a large part of his service.
10.2 Martin Gallagher, Fil Capaldi and Nathan Claderwood, Police Scotland, Iain Keith, NHS Scotland, & Colin Atkinson, University of West Scotland
11.2 Rachel Staniforth, South Yorkshire Violence Reduction Unit, England  & Melanie Palin, South Yorkshire Police, England 12.2 Caitlin Britten, Rose McNabb, Julie Reiger & Ashlee Lierich, Maryborough Educational Centre, Australia
Policing Paisley in partnership Fortifying our relationships A story of hope: a whole community’s response to disadvantage
This session will examine systemic issues in police and NHS incident management; the effect of a new substance (Etizolam) on the local violence profile; measures taken to improve NHS and Police partnerships; measures taken to mitigate rise in violence. Two complimentary but discreet projects will be presented: Joint Police and NHS SLWG formed (Acute Interface Meeting), protocols revisited, local drug scene information shared, Police undertook NHS staff briefing program. Operation Winter Shield focused on violence reduction through targeted intelligence led stop and search, licensed premises’ interventions, focus on street level Etizolam supply. The Panel has been heavily personally invested in the matters above, are forward thinking individuals who will take questions and comments from the audience during the panel rather than this being an information download, ensuring audience participation. Serious and organised crime in Sheffield is rising and it is necessary to explore alternative ways of disrupting serious and organised crime. A co-located team was operationally led by a Partnership Lead (Sheffield City Council), Public Health Lead (Health Education England), and a Detective Inspector (South Yorkshire Police).This team actively shares intelligence to disrupt serious and organised crime.  The public health leadership fellow is engaged as a public health lead for Operation Fortify and is based within a police building and provides a public health perspective and completes the circle of prevent, prepare, protect and pursue by linking in other organisations from the wider system and bringing attention to the causes of serious and organised crime. This session will be a knowledge exchange.  We have a couple of options for making the session interactive and dynamic including role and group analyses of the challenges faced. Maryborough is a pretty post-goldrush town in Central Victoria, Australia where disadvantage is manifested in avoidable death, low birth-weight babies, mental health problems, family violence, unemployment and complex high risk health compromising behaviours. Many students are affected by adverse childhood experiences. Attendance and low self-belief remain challenges for the school, however, this story is not one of tragedy but of love and hope. A raft of interventions was initiated by educators to help students enjoy the present and cultivate belief in the future. This tale will include a baby-animal sanctuary, trauma-informed practice, two dogs, a “Nurture Group”, a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) and a well-being farm. It will talk of students who left town to study, returning as a new generation of educators and mentors to champion their school and determined to break the cycle of poverty and disadvantage. This session will be led by two secondary school students from Maryborough Education Centre.

Wednesday 23 October

8:30-10:00am PLENARY SESSION P3

Pentland Auditorium

Dimensions of Public Health Approaches to Violence and Injury


Gillian Imery, HM Chief  Inspector of Constabulary, Scotland

Cath Denholm, Director of Strategy, NHS Health Scotland



10:00-10:30am MORNING TEA
10.30-11.55am MAJOR SESSIONS
M9 M10 M11 M12
Autism and policing: supporting autistic individuals in police custody Police mental health and well-being Five nations’ health & justice collaboration Collaboration and collaborative leadership  
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
Pentland Auditorium
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
CONVENER: Chloe Holloway, University of Nottingham, England CONVENER: Yasmeen Krameddine, University of Alberta, Canada CONVENER: Éamonn O’Moore, Public Health England CHAIR: Emma Williams, Canterbury Centre for Policing Research, England

  1. Chloe Holloway,
    University of Nottingham, England
    Exploring the experiences of autistic individuals arrested and detained in police custody
  2. Nicholas Clarke
     Nell Munro,
    University of Nottingham, England
    Going to Pot: Nick’s Journey through the criminal justice system
  3. Katie Maras,
    University of Bath, England
    Eliciting best evidence from autistic interviewees
  4. Danielle Ropar,
    University of Nottingham, England
    Improving the support of autistic individuals in police custody through autism training
  5. Duncan Collins, Nottinghamshire Police, England
    Improving the custody environment: a case study

  1. Ian de Terte,
    Massey University, New Zealand
    The conundrum of working in a therapeutic manner with police officers
  2. Teun-Pieter de Snoo,
    Police Academy, The Netherlands
    Resilience: a fluffy concept in a hard world
  3. Saralla Chettiar,
    Massey University, New Zealand
    Developing a treatment manual based on a 3-part model of psychological resilience (3-PR) for high-risk occupations and general populations
  4. Yasmeen Krameddine,
    University of Alberta, Canada
    The primary prevention of post-traumatic stress injuries in a Canadian police organization: the effectiveness of an evidence-informed online training program 


  1. Kate Davies
    & Chris Kelly,
    NHS England,
    NHS England/NHS Improvement delivering the long-term plan in the health and justice landscape in collaboration
  2. Stephanie Perrett,
    Public Health Wales
    What makes Wales unique? 
  3. Orlando Heijmer-Mason,
    Scottish Government
    Health and Justice collaboration in Scotland  
  4. Ruth Gray,
    South Eastern Health & Social Care Trust,
    Northern Ireland
    Using quality improvement to enhance information flows across criminal justice organisations and designing new pathways for people in custody  
  5. Enda Kelly & Sarah Hume,
    Irish Prison Service,
    Republic of Ireland
    SADA (Self-harm Assessment and Data Analysis)

  1. Peter Roderick,
    Health Education England
    Collaboration for prevention: taking a whole population approach to vulnerability and anti-social behaviour in a local police force
  2. Patrick Widell,
    Swedish Police Authority
    Engaging the police in violence prevention: lessons learned from 20 years of prevention work in the Stockholm nightlife setting
  3. Isabelle Bartkowiak-Theron,
    University of Tasmania, Australia
    Working with police and community stakeholders towards community safety and wellbeing: collaborative processes in Tasmania, Australia 
  4. Julia Crilly,
    Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
    Strengthening interagency collaborations between health and police in emergencies to optimise health, security and economic expenditure


Breaking boundaries: bringing public health practice to public safety LATE BREAKING SESSION


Trauma informed organisations: what, why and how? Road safety
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
LOCATION: Moorfoot room, Lomond Suite LOCATION:
Kilsyth room, Lomond Suite
Ochil Room, Galloway Suite
CONVENER: Kris Nyrop, Public Defender Association, USA CHAIRS:  CONVENER: Caroline Bruce, NHS Education for Scotland (NES) CONVENER: Helen Wells, Keele University, England

  1. Brendan Cox,
    LEAD National Support Bureau, USA
    Using public health approaches to address public safety: a police perspective                          
  2. Najja Morris,
    Public Defender Association, USA
    Using public health approaches to address public safety: a case manager perspective         
  3. Kris Nyrop,
    Public Defender Association, USA
    Shifting the paradigm of policing behavioural health conditions: law enforcement assisted diversion

  1. Maurizio Barbeschi, WHO & Nick Crofts, Centre for Law Enforcement and Public Health, Australia
    Key considerations on law enforcement and public health in public health events and emergencies 

  1. Caroline Bruce,
    NHS Education for Scotland (NES)
    Leading trauma-informed approaches to law enforcement: what and why?
  2. Jennie Young,
    NHS Education for Scotland (NES)
    Leading trauma-informed approaches to law enforcement: how?


  1. Helen Wells,
    Keele University, England
    ‘Message Not Delivered’: mobile phones, knowledge exchange and accessible academia
  2. James Nunn,
    Loughborough University, England
    Comparing the drivers involved in fatal and serious injury collisions
  3. Leanne Savigar,
    Keele University, England
    Fairly policing an ‘unfair law’ – educating drivers of the issues surrounding mobile phone use while driving
  4. Lyndel Bates,
    Griffith University, Australia
    Young drivers, road policing, deterrence theory and punishment avoidance
1.00-2.00pm LUNCH
L7 L8 L9
Start where you are and do what you can!

Callum was born and raised in a very challenging environment in Glasgow’s East End. His early life was one of significant trauma, which resulted in low aspiration, exclusion, fear, addiction and crime. Both as a perpetrator and victim, Callum was no stranger to violence and prison was a regular destination for him. He then encountered life changing interventions from people and organisations he thought would be the last to help him and this has resulted in Callum turning his life around. Callum is now an experienced and inspirational mentor and public speaker. He knows first-hand how we can all make a difference.
The impact of police officer stress on health and performance: a Canadian perspective Meet the Editor – an introduction to the Journal of Community Safety and Well-being
Kilsyth Room, Lomond Suite
Ochil Room, Galloway Suite
Harris Room, Galloway Suite
CHAIR: Will Linden, Violence Reduction Unit, Scotland CHAIR: Grant Edwards, Australian Federal Police CHAIR:
SPEAKER: Callum Hutchison
SPEAKER: Greg Anderson, Justice Institute of British Columbia SPEAKER: Norm Taylor, Editor, Saskatchewan, Canada
C21 C22 C23 C24 C25
Hate crime and terrorism Incarceration Mental health in institutions and institutional responses To be advised To be advised
Ochil Room, Galloway Suite
Harris Room, Galloway Suite
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite

CHAIR: Joaquim Kersten, German Police University, Muenster CHAIR: Sunita Sturup-Toft, Public Health England & UK Collaborating Centre for WHO Health In Prisons Program CHAIR: Dani Kesic,RMIT University, Australia

  1. Anton Weenink,
    National Police of the Netherlands
    Adversity, criminality and mental health in foreign fighters from the Netherlands
  2. Rania Hamad & Philippa Boyd,
    City of Edinburgh Council, Scotland
    Hate crime: a collaborative approach to using restorative justice to repair the harms
  3. Isabel Kreifels,
    University of Cape Town, South Africa
    ISIL’s recruitment of foreign fighters: public health insights for the future policing of violent extremism

  1. Lisa Scholin,
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland (presented by Stuart Kinner)
    Defining research priorities for prison health in Scotland: a Delphi study
  2. Jane Donaldson,
    Police Scotland
    Working in partnership to support resistance in young offenders
  3. Ashley Brown,
    University of Stirling, Scotland
    Providing evidence to support health improvement in criminal justice settings: a case study of the Tobacco in Prisons study
  4. Stuart Kinner,
    University of Melbourne, Australia
    Harnessing global data on prison and youth detention health to tackle health inequalities

  1. Gayle Cummings,
    University of Touro California, USA
    Peer support and engagement in advocacy opportunities: key elements for the mental and emotional health of exonerees
  2. Sarah Armstrong,
    University of Glasgow, Scotland
    What can criminologists contribute to understanding health in prison
  3. Asanga Fernando,
    Macmillan Cancer Psychological Support Team, England
    Educating staff on cancer and mental health co-morbidity in prisons
  4. Menno Segeren,
    Public Health Service Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Determinants of post-detention recidivism: a recurrent events analysis
  5. Catriona Connell,
    University of Warwick, England
    Reducing reoffending and improving health: increasing occupational participation for people with criminal justice involvement and a personality disorder




(Marketplace of Ideas sessions will be longer, in smaller groups and should be highly interactive)

MoI 13 (This session occupies the full 90 minutes) MoI 14 (This session occupies the full 90 minutes) MoI 15 (2 x 45 minute presentations)
Carrick Room 1, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 2, Galloway Suite
Carrick Room 3, Galloway Suite
Amber Christensen Fullmer, University of Alaska, USA Lesley Graham, NHS National Services Scotland, Amanda O’Byrne, Police Scotland 15.1 Carolyn Bruce, University of Glasgow, Scotland
Intimate partner violence (IPV) in Alaska: a focus on perpetrators of IPV using a culturally-competent response A public health approach to police custody healthcare Taking a trauma informed lens to law enforcement
Alaska is one of the most culturally diverse states in the United States of America. It is home to many tribes of indigenous peoples as well as a significant immigrant population representing virtually every culture on earth and has the highest rate of intimate partner violence and sex assault. The rate is significantly higher in Alaska’s indigenous populations. The social, justice and correctional systems are failing to address the causative factors of intimate partner violence in the scope of perpetrator motivations. Little work is being conducted in a proactive, preventive arena- further entrenching harmful norms and values in our unique populations. This roundtable discussion will focus on perpetrator traits, behaviours and causative factors in the context of culturally diverse populations with emphasis on indigenous populations. The session will explore perpetrator identification, education, intervention and treatment modalities using evidence-based, multi-disciplinary, culturally competent approach. Exploration of successful models in reducing recidivism will be explored. Intergenerational trauma and harm-reduction models with an emphasis on cultural norms and values will be explored. First responders and those in public health have the ability to respond to this public health crisis in a different, more meaningful way. The Police Care Network was established as a collaborative partnership between the NHS and Police Scotland to improve health and justice outcomes for people in care of the police, reduce health inequalities, and improve community safety through reductions in offending related to health behaviours. The Network works across traditional organisational, professional and geographical boundaries providing national strategic leadership, expertise and advice in relation to the delivery of healthcare and forensic medical services for people in police care. This collaboration has helped to provide holistic, person centred care to those in police custody. This session will showcase the model and demonstrate how by working together NHS and Police Scotland have made the transition from traditional, security orientated custody suites to community justice hubs which focus on health improvement and reducing reoffending as well as criminal justice processes. The session will include short presentations with time for discussion, including the facilitation of ideas on how wider partners can contribute to supporting people through the criminal justice pathway. There is widening recognition that the experience of engaging in the criminal justice process for survivors of traumatic experiences such as rape and sexual assault can fail to support recovery and actively re-traumatise, leading to disengagement and poor recovery. This workshop will describe a multi disciplinary training and workshop held on the Isle of Shetland for the development of a trauma informed pathway that supports recovery and minimises re-traumatisation for those reporting rape or sexual assault. A multi-disciplinary, multi-agency workshop was facilitated for staff from almost every organisation on the island with a role involving rape and sexual assault survivors. Participants used a trauma informed lens together to identify and evaluate every stage of the survivor journey in terms of the collection of evidence and support of psychological recovery, including all procedures, processes, contacts, examinations, policies, communications, interactions and environments. After summarising the approach taken on Shetland and relevant implications, participants in this session will use the animated film “Opening Doors” (8 minutes) and prompts provided to create their own trauma informed lens through which to examine their own practice and organization, identifying areas of strength and a plan for any areas for change.
15.2 Paul Pedersen, Sudbury Police Service, Ontario, Canada
Looking ahead to build the spirit of our women: Learning to Live Free from Violence Project
In response to the issue of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG) gaining national attention, the Greater Sudbury Police Service (GSPS) committed to explore and develop an action plan to respond. In 2014, a partnership was established consisting of members of the N’Swakamok Native Friendship Centre and the GSPS. The mandate was to develop community based strategies designed to address and bring awareness to MMIWG, effectively engaging Ontario and specifically Indigenous communities to end the cycle of violence.  These strategies would include systems to ensure future generations of Indigenous women can live the way they deserve — with safety and respect. An innovative and unique approach was the recruitment of a paid civilian Aboriginal Women’s Violence Prevention Coordinator (AWVPC). The project came to life under the name ‘Looking Ahead to Build The Spirit Of Our Women-Learning To Live Free From Violence’. 

This Marketplace session will explore the mutual benefits of multi-agency collaboration for staffing solutions and discuss the lessons learned and results achieved from a grass-roots local approach to national and multi-generations issues.

3.30-4.00pm AFTERNOON TEA
C26 C27 C28 C29
Vulnerable populations Learning about and living LEPH LEPH in low and middle income countries Our rights and what works for us
Note: This presentation and facilitated discussion will occupy the whole session
Ochil Room, Galloway Suite
Harris Room, Galloway Suite
Tinto Room, Lomond Suite
Moorfoot Room, Lomond Suite
CHAIR: Greg Denham, Law Enforcement and HIV Network, Australia CHAIR: Stuart Thomas, RMIT University, Australia CHAIR: Nick Crofts, Centre for Law Enforcement and Public Health

  1. Nicoletta Policek,
    University of Cumbria, England
    Medical citizenship and HIV: the untold stories of stateless populations
  2. Luciana Pol,
    Centre for Legal and Social Studies, Argentina
    The health consequences of crowd-control weapons

  1. Dave Burnside,
    Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
    He kohikohinga purakau whanau (Collection of whanau stories) about experiencing mental health distress and/or addiction while in the justice system
  2. Shannon Walding,
    Griffith Criminology Institute, Australia
    Developing respect through mentoring and education: for self, others and police
  3. Ruth Martin,
    University of British Columbia, Canada
    Releasing Hope: women’s stories of transition from prison to community
  4. Jane Mulcahy, University College Cork, Ireland
    Re-storying offending behaviour as a normal symptom of trauma

  1. Hannata Janada Dimas,
    Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps
    The drivers of the cholera epidemic in North-East Nigeria
  2. Kanockon Ngamnak,
    Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
    Alcohol availability and patterns of drinking behaviour: binge drinking, regular drinking and drink driving
  3. Apichat Chotchusee,
    Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
    Thailand situational report on Alcoholic Beverages Control Law abidance at provincial level

  1. Tony Bowman,
    Sold Network, ARC Scotland
  2. Steve Robertson,
    SOLD users group
  3. James McNabb
  4. Paul Roberts
  5. Allan Spiers